Elias Jackson (“Lucky”) Baldwin’s Queen Anne Cottage was constructed in 1885-86, probably as a honeymoon gift for his fourth wife, sixteen- year-old Lillie Bennett. “For a year after she married Baldwin (May, 1884), this little girl was queen of the ranch,” wrote the Los Angeles Times. Lillie’s father, architect Albert A. Bennett, designed the cottage, but the honeymooners apparently never enjoyed its beauty. Lillie and E.J. separated in 1885, and the fanciful house was converted by its owner into a memorial to the third Mrs. Baldwin, Jennie Dexter, who had died in 1881. A stained glass portrait of Jennie stood welcome in the front door and an almost life-size oil painting of her was hung in the Cottage parlor. Both items remain today.
The Baldwin cottage (the designation “Queen Anne” was added in later years in reference to its architectural style) was the Santa Anita Ranch guest house. Cooking and dining facilities and Baldwin’s personal quarters were located in a modernized eight-room version of the old adobe house found on the property at the time of purchase. Friends, relatives and business associates of Lucky Baldwin, including stars from the Baldwin Theater in San Francisco, partook of ranch hospitality until E.J.’s death in 1909.
With the settlement of the Baldwin estate, Lucky’s daughter Anita (born in 1876 to Jennie Dexter) closed the Cottage and disposed of all furnishings. Fortunately, Anita removed and stored in the Coach Barn such detachable components as the stained glass windows, black walnut doors, marble fireplace mantels, the hearth tiles, and the encaustic tile mosaic entry floor. All of these items, plus original bathroom fixtures and the exterior marble walkway, were returned to the Cottage during the restoration of 1951-53. Refurnishing continues today with appropriate period pieces. The Queen Anne Cottage is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Designed by architect Albert A. Bennett, as was the Queen Anne Cottage, the Baldwin Coach Barn is an equally ornate example of Victorian extravagance. Alternating slats of interior cedar and redwood paneling and original iron grillwork, cast by Savage and Son of San Francisco in 1879, contribute to the feeling of opulence. Lucky Baldwin housed his private carriages plus those of his guests in this Barn (a report of 1891 indicated 14 different vehicles in residence). Generous stall space was provided for carriage horses, and convenient hay and grain chutes were fed directly from the loft above. Coachman’s quarters, originally provided in the upper tower room above the hay loft, have been re-created in the downstairs tack room.
In the large west room of the Barn note the exposure of a red and white exterior wall, evidence that sometime before the turn of the century, Baldwin enlarged the Coach Barn from its original “t”-shaped construction. Baldwin’s stylish “Tally Ho” carriage, purchased at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876, is today on display in the enlarged west room. A wash rack nearby (beneath the wooden farm wagon) was used for washing down the carriages after a dusty drive; pipes below once recycled used water for irrigation purposes.
Farm and blacksmith tools on view in the south stall area are representative of those used in the late 1800’s when the Coach Barn was one of many buildings which formed the headquarters of E.J. Baldwin’s 46,000 acre ranch. The Victorian dog house just outside the Coach Barn once sheltered bull mastiffs, Lucky Baldwin’s ranch guard dogs. The Coach Barn is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Don Perfecto Hugo Reid (1810-1852), a Scottish adventurer and naturalized Mexican citizen, was the first private owner of the 13,319 acre Rancho Santa Anita. The adobe was constructed in 1840 with the help of Gabrielino laborers. It was built of sun-dried adobe blocks made by mixing clay soil, water and a straw binder. The roof was made of rawhide-lashed carrizo cane (Arundo donax). As protection from the elements, the roof was smeared with brea (tar) and the walls were white-washed.
Today’s Reid-Baldwin Adobe, previously known as the Hugo Reid Adobe, has been reconstructed using original methods and materials whenever possible. The structure is designated California Historical Landmark No. 368.
In 1970, an abandoned train station was moved from its original location a quarter mile north of the Arboretum and restored to look as it was first constructed by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad in 1890. A typical half-passenger, half- freight depot with living quarters upstairs for the agent and family, the Santa Anita Depot was an active local station stop for both Baldwin Ranch and nearby Sierra Madre residents. Described in the local Sierra
Madre newspaper in August, 1890, as “an elaborate two-story depot built with one hundred thousand bricks from the nearby E.J. “Lucky” Baldwin brick yard”, the Santa Anita Depot cost an estimated $5,000 to construct.
The Depot could not be moved intact, but all the original bricks were removed from the station as well as salvageable doors, trim, beams and even the picturesque Depot balcony. Reference photographs were taken of the interior details, and within days the Santa Anita Depot was a stack of wood and brick in the south parking lot of the Arboretum. Reconstruction was completed in 1970 and fifty yards of Santa Fe standard gauge track was laid in front of the Depot by members of the Monrovia Model Railroad Club. The Santa Anita Depot of today has been refurnished with turn-of-the-century housewares and period railroad equipment to recreate the ambiance of the bustling station stop it once was. Guided tours of the Santa Anita Depot are available on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, 10 a.m. – 4 p.m., and every Sunday 1-4 p.m. (except for Christmas Day) as volunteer time permits. Follow either the dirt path down to the Depot or the winding, paved walkway opposite the Hugo Reid Adobe.
Attracted by the freshwater springs that form Baldwin Lake, native Gabrielino/Tongva Indians were the earliest known inhabitants of the land now occupied by the Arboretum. The Gabrielino/Tongva slept in wickiups or “kiys,” brush shelters constructed of stake.
- Arcadia Historical Museum Early Arcadia memorabilia; photographs, oral histories, newspapers etc.